1) select a lighting design project that inspires you most.

Rafael Lozano-Hemmer’s Homographies installation first displayed at the Sydney Biennale 2006

2) describe the effect of lighting design elements in the selected project.

How does the architect design the building and lighting?

The installation consists of 144 white fluorescent light tubes which are hung from 72 robotic fixtures on the ceiling of the exhibition space, equally spaced. Each light tube measures 1.83 m long and is rotated using a computer-controlled stepper motor. All lights are always on and typically constitute the only lighting in the exhibition hall, except for the natural light that spills into the space.

Does she use direct or indirect lighting?

This installation uses indirect lighting.

Does she use natural or electric lighting?

Lozano-Hemmer uses electric lighting in his installation.

Does she use the changes in brightness, in object color, or in color temperature (of light source)?

He does not change the brightness or color temperature during the experience of the installation.

  1. describe the purpose of designed lighting effect.

What does the architect want to achieve?

When one person is entering the space the light fixtures are pointed towards the person as a magnetic field of influence. When two or more people are entering the space, the system is using the fixtures to try to ´bridge´ the people by making light corridors between them, and as many people enter the space complex patterns begin to arise from the collective interference of the surveillance system. In Homographies the “vanishing point” is not architectural, but rather connective, i.e. it is determined by who is there at any given time and varies accordingly. This gives a reconfigurable light-space that is based on flow, on motion, on lines of sight, an intended contrast to the cartesian grids that organize most modern architecture. He also wants to achieve


  1. describe your own evaluation about the selected project?

Was the project and lighting design effective and successful? If you think so, explain what makes the project successful.

He combines sculpture, design and installation art into one experience. I think this project is effective as it does exactly what it was intended to do by connecting people through lighting patterns over time. He also connects one of the most fundamental parts of life, light, with something even more fundamental—the human body. I think that just as no two people experience time in the same way, no two people can experience art in the same way, or even light!